Me nua, wo ho te sɛn? (My sibling (brother/sister), how are you?).
You are welcome to the very first lesson under the Twi Grammar module, here on LearnAkan.Com. This module seeks to teach you the basic grammar rules that make up the Akan language.
In this lesson, we take a look at the Akan Alphabet. I entreat beginner, intermediate and advanced learners alike to take this lesson very seriously as it will form a fundamental basis for future lessons. Memorise the letters of the alphabet and get the sounds they represent right. After that, head on to lessons 2 and 3 of the grammar module and practice the sounds there as well. Once you get all these sounds right, you are on your way to jumping the pronunciation hurdle that most Twi learners face.
Ok, so let’s get started with today’s lesson. If you’d want to watch the video lesson instead, find it embedded below. Otherwise, continue reading beneath it.
Both the English language and Akan make use of the Latin script. So, you’ll find that both languages have a similar set of letters making up their alphabet.
In all, the Akan alphabet is made up of 22 letters. Out of these, a whopping 20 are found in the 26-lettered English alphabet.
The Akan (Twi) Alphabet
The two letters in red are the only ones that you’ll find in Akan but not in English. Likewise, The Akan alphabet does not have the letters j, q, v, x and z that you find in the English alphabet.
Just like the English alphabet, we can group the letters of the Akan alphabet into two sets (the consonants and the vowels) as shown in the diagram above. In Twi, consonants are referred to as Anom Nnyegyeɛ, and vowels are known as Ɛnne nnyegyeɛ.
Below, I give some examples of Twi words containing each of the letters. We start with the consonants (anom nnyegyeɛ)
The Akan (Twi) Consonants
There are 15 consonants in all: b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, w, y.
Let’s end with examples of Twi words containing each of the vowels, like we did with the consonants.
The Akan (Twi) Vowels
As shown in our earlier diagram, the Akan (Twi) vowels are 7 in all: a, e, ɛ, i, o, ɔ, u.
This is where we end the first lesson. You may proceed to Lesson 2: Akan (Twi) Digraphs to continue. Your comments, suggestions and queries would be appreciated greatly. Please leave them in the comments box below or send them to me via [email protected]. Thank you for reading.
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