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Our last two lessons under the Twi vocabulary module explored some **Twi vocabulary for foods **and some** Ghanaian dishes/meals**. Today, we are going to learn how to count in Twi. This lesson will also form a basis for a later lesson on how to tell time in Twi.

The numbering system in Akan (Twi) is quite simple to grasp. I’ll try to give tips on how to proceed after each set. Let’s not waste time, we’ve got some counting to do.

First, you need to memorise the following.

# Video Lesson (Counting 1 – 10)

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

0 | ohunu/hwee | zero |

1 | baako | one |

2 | mmienu | two |

3 | mmiɛnsa | three |

4 | ɛnan | four |

5 | enum | five |

6 | nsia | six |

7 | nson | seven |

8 | nwɔtwe | eight |

9 | nkron | nine |

10 | edu | ten |

Number ten in Twi is ‘Edu’, correct? Now, proceeding to the next set of numbers (eleven to nineteen), we do away with **all vowel prefixes**. So ‘edu’ becomes ‘du’, ɛnan becomes ‘nan’, enum becomes ‘num’. Now, from eleven to nineteen, we simply attach the appropriate number to ‘du’.

# Video Lesson (Counting 11 – 20 + Tenth Numbers)

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

11 | dubaako | eleven |

12 | dumienu | twelve |

13 | dumiɛnsa | thirteen |

14 | dunan | fourteen |

15 | dunum | fifteen |

16 | dunsia | sixteen |

17 | dunson | seventeen |

18 | dunwɔtwe | eighteen |

19 | dunkron | nineteen |

20 | aduonu | twenty |

For the next set (twenty-one to twenty-nine) we add the appropriate number to ‘aduonu (twenty)’. This time, however, we separate them in writing, i.e. we do not combine them into a single word as we did with the previous set.

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

21 | aduonu baako | twenty-one |

22 | aduonu mmienu | twenty-two |

23 | aduonu mmiɛnsa | twenty-three |

24 | aduonu nan | twenty-four |

25 | aduonu num | twenty-five |

26 | aduonu nsia | twenty-six |

27 | aduonu nson | twenty-seven |

28 | aduonu nwɔtwe | twenty-eight |

29 | aduonu nkron | twenty-nine |

30 | aduasa | thirty |

The next sets of numbers (31-40, 41-50, 51-60, 61-70, 71-80, 81-90, 91-100) employ the same mechanism as the previous set. So, what we need to do is memorise the names of the tens (tenth numbers), and simply add the appropriate numbers to them. Let’s look at numbers thirty-one to forty.

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

31 | aduasa baako | thirty-one |

32 | aduasa mmienu | thirty-two |

33 | aduasa mmiɛnsa | thirty-three |

34 | aduasa nan | thirty-four |

35 | aduasa num | thirty-five |

36 | aduasa nsia | thirty-six |

37 | aduasa nson | thirty-seven |

38 | aduasa nwɔtwe | thirty-eight |

39 | aduasa nkron | thirty-nine |

40 | aduanan | forty |

I hope the mechanism is quite clear now. The next step is very important. I’m going to give you a tip which, hopefully, will help you to memorise the tenth numbers easily. Let’s check out numbers two to nine again: mmie**nu**, mmiɛn**sa**, ɛ**nan**, e**num**, n**sia**, n**son**, n**wɔtwe**, n**kron**. Take note of the parts that I’ve boldened. The tenth numbers are (roughly) formed by attaching the boldened parts to ‘du’ (the root of the number ten). Granted, other morphophonological processes are involved but this tip should be enough to aid you in the memorisation process.

Now let’s count in tens.

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

10 | edu | ten |

20 | aduonu | twenty |

30 | aduasa | thirty |

40 | aduanan | forty |

50 | aduonum | fifty |

60 | aduosia | sixty |

70 | aduɔson | seventy |

80 | aduɔwɔtwe | eighty |

90 | aduɔkron | ninety |

100 | ɔha | hundred |

Next, numbers one hundred and one (101) to one hundred and ten (110). We state the number ‘Ɔha *(hundred)*’, introduce the conjunction ‘ne *(and)*’ and add the appropriate number.

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

101 | ɔha ne baako | one hundred and one |

102 | ɔha ne mmienu | one hundred and two |

103 | ɔha ne mmiɛnsa | one hundred and three |

104 | ɔha ne nan | one hundred and four |

105 | ɔha ne num | one hundred and five |

106 | ɔha ne nsia | one hundred and six |

107 | ɔha ne nson | one hundred and seven |

108 | ɔha ne nwɔtwe | one hundred and eight |

109 | ɔha ne nkron | one hundred and nine |

110 | ɔha ne du | one hundred and ten |

Let’s continue.

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

111 | ɔha ne dubaako | one hundred and eleven |

112 | ɔha ne dumienu | one hundred and twelve |

113 | ɔha ne dumiɛnsa | one hundred and thirteen |

114 | ɔha ne dunan | one hundred and fourteen |

115 | ɔha ne dunum | one hundred and fifteen |

116 | ɔha ne dunsia | one hundred and sixteen |

117 | ɔha ne dunson | one hundred and seventeen |

118 | ɔha ne dunwɔtwe | one hundred and eighteen |

119 | ɔha ne dunkron | one hundred and nineteen |

120 | ɔha ne aduonu | one hundred and twenty |

What we are doing is simply adding the numbers we’ve covered so far to ‘Ɔha ne *(hundred and)*’. Let’s cover one more set.

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

121 | ɔha ne aduonu baako | one hundred and twenty-one |

122 | ɔha ne aduonu mmienu | one hundred and twenty-two |

123 | ɔha ne aduonu mmiɛnsa | one hundred and twenty-three |

124 | ɔha ne aduonu nan | one hundred and twenty-four |

125 | ɔha ne aduonu num | one hundred and twenty-five |

126 | ɔha ne aduonu nsia | one hundred and twenty-six |

127 | ɔha ne aduonu nson | one hundred and twenty-seven |

128 | ɔha ne aduonu nwɔtwe | one hundred and twenty-eight |

129 | ɔha ne aduonu nkron | one hundred and twenty-nine |

130 | ɔha ne aduasa | one hundred and thirty |

You get the idea. Let’s now count in the hundreds (100, 200, 300, … 1000). This is also easy. First, we form the plural of ‘*Ɔha’* by replacing its ‘ɔ-’ prefix with ‘a-’ to get *‘Aha’*. We then attach to it (Aha) the boldened parts of the numbers mmie**nu **(two), mmiɛn**sa **(three), ɛ**nan **(four), e**num **(five), n**sia **(six), n**son **(seven), n**wɔtwe **(eight), n**kron **(nine)**. **If you recall, we did same when we were counting in tens much earlier.

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

100 | ɔha | one hundred |

200 | ahanu | two hundred |

300 | ahasa | three hundred |

400 | ahanan | four hundred |

500 | ahanum | five hundred |

600 | ahansia | six hundred |

700 | ahanson | seven hundred |

800 | ahanwɔtwe | eight hundred |

900 | ahankron | nine hundred |

1,000 | apem | one thousand |

To proceed from the number one thousand (1000), we follow the same process we used earlier to count from the number one hundred (100).

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

1,001 | apem ne baako | one thousand and one |

1,002 | apem ne mmienu | one thousand and two |

1,003 | apem ne mmiɛnsa | one thousand and three |

1,004 | apem ne nan | one thousand and four |

1,005 | apem ne num | one thousand and five |

1,006 | apem ne nsia | one thousand and six |

1,007 | apem ne nson | one thousand and seven |

1,008 | apem ne nwɔtwe | one thousand and eight |

1,009 | apem ne nkron | one thousand and nine |

1,010 | apem ne du | one thousand and ten |

We continue.

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

1,011 | apem ne dubaako | one thousand and eleven |

1,012 | apem ne dumienu | one thousand and twelve |

1,013 | apem ne dumiɛnsa | one thousand and thirteen |

1,014 | apem ne dunan | one thousand and fourteen |

1,015 | apem ne dunum | one thousand and fifteen |

1,016 | apem ne dunsia | one thousand and sixteen |

1,017 | apem ne dunson | one thousand and seventeen |

1,018 | apem ne dunwɔtwe | one thousand and eighteen |

1,019 | apem ne dunkron | one thousand and nineteen |

1,020 | apem ne aduonu | one thousand and twenty |

1,021 | apem ne aduonu baako | one thousand and twenty-one |

1,022 | apem ne aduonu mmienu | one thousand and twenty-two |

1,023 | apem ne aduonu mmiɛnsa | one thousand and twenty-three |

1,024 | apem ne aduonu nan | one thousand and twenty-four |

1,025 | apem ne aduonu num | one thousand and twenty-five |

1,026 | apem ne aduonu nsia | one thousand and twenty-six |

1,027 | apem ne aduonu nson | one thousand and twenty-seven |

1,028 | apem ne aduonu nwɔtwe | one thousand and twenty-eight |

1,029 | apem ne aduonu nkron | one thousand and twenty-nine |

1,030 | apem ne aduasa | one thousand and thirty |

1,040 | apem ne aduanan | one thousand and forty |

1,050 | apem ne aduonum | one thousand and fifty |

1,060 | apem ne aduosia | one thousand and sixty |

1,070 | apem ne aduɔson | one thousand and seventy |

1,080 | apem ne aduɔwɔtwe | one thousand and eighty |

1,090 | apem ne aduɔkron | one thousand and ninety |

1,100 | apem ne ɔha | one thousand one hundred |

1,200 | apem ne ahanu | one thousand two hundred |

1,300 | apem ne ahasa | one thousand three hundred |

1,400 | apem ne ahanan | one thousand four hundred |

1,500 | apem ne ahanum | one thousand five hundred |

1,600 | apem ne ahansia | one thousand six hundred |

1,700 | apem ne ahanson | one thousand seven hundred |

1,800 | apem ne ahanwɔtwe | one thousand eight hundred |

1,900 | apem ne ahankron | one thousand nine hundred |

2,000 | mpem mmienu/mpenu | two thousand |

And on it continues.

Let’s now count in the thousands.

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

1,000 | apem | one thousand |

2,000 | mpem mmienu/mpenu | two thousand |

3,000 | mpem mmiɛnsa | three thousand |

4,000 | mpem nan | four thousand |

5,000 | mpem num | five thousand |

6,000 | mpem nsia | six thousand |

7,000 | mpem nson | seven thousand |

8,000 | mpem nwɔtwe | eight thousand |

9,000 | mpem nkron | nine thousand |

10,000 | mpem du | ten thousand |

In ten thounsands:

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

10,000 | mpem du | ten thousand |

20,000 | mpem aduonu | twenty thousand |

30,000 | mpem aduasa | thirty thousand |

40,000 | mpem aduanan | forty thousand |

50,000 | mpem aduonum | fifty thousand |

60,000 | mpem aduosia | sixty thousand |

70,000 | mpem aduɔson | seventy thousand |

80,000 | mpem aduɔwɔtwe | eighty thousand |

90,000 | mpem aduɔkron | ninety thousand |

100,000 | mpem ɔha | one hundred thousand |

In hundred thousands:

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

100,000 | mpem ɔha | one hundred thousand |

200,000 | mpem ahanu | two hundred thousand |

300,000 | mpem ahasa | three hundred thousand |

400,000 | mpem ahanan | four hundred thousand |

500,000 | mpem ahanum | five hundred thousand |

600,000 | mpem ahansia | six hundred thousand |

700,000 | mpem ahanson | seven hundred thousand |

800,000 | mpem ahanwɔtwe | eight hundred thousand |

900,000 | mpem ahankron | nine hundred thousand |

1,000,000 | ɔpepem | one million |

In millions:

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

1,000,000 | ɔpepem | one million |

2,000,000 | ɔpepem mmienu | two million |

3,000,000 | ɔpepem mmiɛnsa | three million |

4,000,000 | ɔpepem nan | four million |

5,000,000 | ɔpepem num | five million |

6,000,000 | ɔpepem nsia | six million |

7,000,000 | ɔpepem nson | seven million |

8,000,000 | ɔpepem nwɔtwe | eight million |

9,000,000 | ɔpepem nkron | nine million |

10,000,000 | ɔpepem du | ten million |

In ten millions:

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

10,000,000 | ɔpepem du | ten million |

20,000,000 | ɔpepem aduonu | twenty million |

30,000,000 | ɔpepem aduasa | thirty million |

40,000,000 | ɔpepem aduanan | forty million |

50,000,000 | ɔpepem aduonum | fifty million |

60,000,000 | ɔpepem aduosia | sixty million |

70,000,000 | ɔpepem aduɔson | seventy million |

80,000,000 | ɔpepem aduɔwɔtwe | eighty million |

90,000,000 | ɔpepem aduɔkron | ninety million |

100,000,000 | ɔpepem ɔha | one hundred million |

In hundred millions:

Number | Twi | English |
---|---|---|

100,000,000 | ɔpepem ɔha | one hundred million |

200,000,000 | ɔpepem ahanu | two hundred million |

300,000,000 | ɔpepem ahasa | three hundred million |

400,000,000 | ɔpepem ahanan | four hundred million |

500,000,000 | ɔpepem ahanum | five hundred million |

600,000,000 | ɔpepem ahansia | six hundred million |

700,000,000 | ɔpepem ahanson | seven hundred million |

800,000,000 | ɔpepem ahanwɔtwe | eight hundred million |

900,000,000 | ɔpepem ahankron | nine hundred million |

1,000,000,000 | ɔpepepem | one billion |

Whew! Quite extensive, isn’t it?

Thank you for reading. If you think this lesson is useful, please let me know in the comments section below. You may support the project by subscribing to the blog and YouTube channel, liking our Facebook page, and contacting us with your feedback and suggestions.

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Intense and worth it!

Thank you Abena

Thank you, very usefull lesson.

Thank you too Jasna

Thank you! Learning Twi and quizzing my native speaking fiancé.

Keep it up, Aija. Thank you, too 🙂

Thanks for this lesson! Based on the rules we’ve learned, would one trillion be ɔpepepepem? Also, how would these numbwra be said in monetary terms, like one thousand ghana cedis and twenty-seven pesewas?

Rachel I don’t know