NOTE: We have a new YouTube channel. Please CLICK HERE to visit and subscribe to it for video lessons.
This lesson concludes the series on Twi affixes. Our first lesson in the series introduced us to what affixes are, as well as the types of affixes we have. Then we went on to treat the first affix type known as the prefix (nsianimu), listing a number of examples. Today, we are looking at the second type of Twi affixes: nsiakyire (the suffix).
What is a suffix?
Known in Twi as nsiakyire, a suffix is a type of affix that is attached to the end of a word’s root to form a new word with a new meaning.
Examples of Twi suffixes
abusuani (family member)
ohiani (a poor person)
Kristo (Christ) + ni
abusua (family) + ni
ohia (poverty) + ni
aberewa (an old woman)
abaayewa (a young girl)
a + bere + wa
kuru + wa
a (prefix) + baa (girl) + ye + wa
Boadiwaa (Akan female name)
Antwiwaa (Akan female name)
Oforiwaa (Akan female name)
Boadi (Akan name) + waa
Antwi (Akan name) + waa
Ofori (Akan name) + waa
daeɛ (dream, noun)
atenaeɛ (a sitting place)
pra (sweep, verb) + eɛ
da (sleep, verb) + eɛ
a (prefix) + tena (sit, verb) + eɛ
akyɛdeɛ (gift, noun)
a (prefix) + gu (put on) + deɛ
a (prefix) kyɛ (gift, verb) + deɛ
a (prefix) ko (fight, verb) + deɛ
adakama (a boxful)
poma (walking stick)
adaka (box, noun) + ma
nnoɔ + ma
po + ma
nana (grandparent) + nom
a (prefix) + nua (sibling) + nom
yere (wife) + nom
ɔdɔfoɔ (a loved one)
ɔ (prefix) sɔ + foɔ
ɔ (prefix) dɔ (love, verb) + foɔ
o (prefix) kuna (widow, verb) + foɔ
Mampɔn (name of a town)
O (prefix) nya (get, verb) + n + ko (one) + pɔn
Mam + pɔn
sukuu (school) + pɔn
all vowels (a, e, ɛ, i, o, ɔ, u)
di (eat, verb) + i
sa (dance, verb) + a
to (throw, verb) + o
m and n
tɔn (sell, verb) + n
tam (lift, verb) + m
pɔn (close, verb) + n
1. ni is a performer suffix; roughly corresponds to the -er suffix in English (as in teach-er, farm-er)
2. The suffix wa is a diminutive marker; indicates smallness.
3. The suffix waa is typically attached to names to indicate the feminine gender.
4. The suffix nom is attached to kinship terms to form their plurals.
5. The suffix pɔn indicates greatness; big size.
6. If a verb ends in any of the vowels, suffixing the same vowel to it changes it into the past tense form. Note: this is the case when there is a verb complement.
7. If a verb ends in m or n, suffixing the same letter to it changes it into its past tense form. Note: this is the case when there is a verb complement.
Let’s end here. Do go over the suffixes one more time. If you come across any suffix that isn’t on the list, you may contribute by dropping it in the comments section below.
Please don’t forget to share the post and subscribe to the website. You may also subscribe to our YouTube channel for help with your pronunciation.
- One Day, Two Days, Three Days… | How to Count Days in Twi - July 27, 2020
- Useful Twi Phrases for Expressing Disagreement - July 18, 2020
- Useful Twi Phrases for Expressing Agreement - July 18, 2020